Classification of Carbohydrates
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Classification of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrate Metabolism

Biochemistry

Classification of Carbohydrates

They are mainly classified in 3 major groups:

  1. Polysaccharides
  2. Oligosaccharides
  3. Monosaccharides

 

1. Polysaccharides:

They are further classified as:

• Heteropolysaccharides / Mucopolysaccharides

Eg: Hyaluronic acid, Keratin sulfate, Heparin sulfate, Chondroitin sulfate

 

• Homo Polysaccharides

Eg: Cellulose, Glycogen, Starch, Dextrin, Inulin


2. Oligosaccharides

They are further classified as:

• Disaccharides

  1. Reducing. Eg: Maltose, Lactose
  2. Non- reducing. Eg: Trehalose, Sucrose

 

• Trisaccharides

Eg: Raffinose


3. Monosaccharides

They are further classified as:

• Ketoses

Eg: Fructose

 

• Aldoses

Eg: Glucose

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